aaha

18577 Natchez Avenue
Prior Lake, Minnesota, 55372

Phone: 952-435-8387

Fax: 952-435-8777

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Chemistry Profile

This is a panel of tests that analyze organ (kidney, liver, etc.) function

GLU (Glucose) – can be elevated with a recent meal, stress, decreased with liver dysfunction, or prolonged time between blood collection and analysis.

BUN (Blood urea nitrogen) – increases with kidney diseases or dehydration. Decreases with liver dysfunction, low protein diet and anabolic steroid use.

CREA (Creatinine) – Increases with kidney disease.

CA (Calcium) – Low levels may be associated with low protein levels.

TP (Total protein) – Measures protein in the blood; can indicate dehydration if elevated. Decreases with kidney and gastrointestinal disease, liver failure and starvation.

ALB (Albumin) – A type of blood protein; can be decreased in chronic liver disease, inflammation, kidney disease, intestinal malabsorption and malnutrition. Increased levels indicate severe dehydration.

GLOB (Globulins) – A type of blood protein: often increased with inflammation, immune-mediated disease and some neoplasms. Decreased levels occur with failure of passive transfer in foals and severe protein loss.

AST (Aspartate aminotransferase) – Liver and muscle enzyme; will be elevated with liver or muscle damage. Peeks about 24 hours after an injury has occurred.

ALKP (Alkaline phosphate) – Increases may indicate a liver abnormality, Cushing’s disease, active bone growth in young horses or active bone remodeling after bone injury. It may be induced by multiple drugs and nonspecific conditions.

GGT (Gamma glutamyl transferase) – Liver enzyme, elevated with bile stasis and large colon obstruction.

TBIL (Total Bilirubin) – Measures liver function. May be elevated by liver disease or anorexia.

CK (Creatine kinase) - Muscle enzyme; elevated with muscle damage. Peaks 4-6 hours after injury. Peaks before AST.

LDH (Lactate dehydrogenase) – Serum LDH activity is nonspecific; however, muscle, liver and red blood cells are sources of high activity.

LAC (Lactate) – Increases indicate either local or general decreased blood perfusions and can potentially serve as a prognostic indicator for the critical patient.

NA (Sodium) – Plays a role in water regulation. Main source is from the diet. Decreased levels can indicate intake or possibly loss (diarrhea).

K (Potassium) – Elevated levels can be deadly. Increases can be due to renal disease, Addison’s disease or HYPP in Quarter Horses. Low levels can be due to decreases intake or loss (diarrhea) or excessive sweating.

CL (Chloride) – Increases may indicate dehydration and may be seen with loss during diarrhea.

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